徐光辉

中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所

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  • 徐光辉
  • 研究员
  • 北京西直门外大街142号

简 历:

徐光辉,中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所,博士、研究员。

1999年毕业于中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院;1999-2002年在中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所学习,获硕士学位;2002-2006年,在中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所读博士学位,研究早白垩世骨舌鱼类,毕业获博士学位(导师张弥曼研究员、院士);2006-2008年,在北京大学地球与空间科学学院做博士后研究;2009-2015年,任中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所副研究员,并于2011-2012年在芝加哥大学组织生物学与解剖学系做高级访问学者;2016年至今,任中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所研究员。

主要从事古生代晚期至中生代的鱼化石研究。在新疆乌鲁木齐和阜康、甘肃北山、云南楚雄、罗平和富源、贵州兴义、辽宁西部和浙江永康等地积极开展野外地质调查与化石发掘,获得了丰富的鱼类化石。在辐鳍鱼类的早期演化和新鳍鱼类(包括全骨鱼类和真骨鱼类)的起源方面做了大量的系统古生物学工作。一些亮点成果被写入英国《古脊椎动物学》教科书(VertebratePalaeontology;Michael J. Benton著,第四版,182、187、189页)。目前发表科研论文30篇(第一作者17篇)。其中,有关新疆阜康鱼的研究成果发表于英国《自然》(Nature)杂志;有关史前飞鱼的研究成果发表于英国皇家学会《生物科学》(Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences)和《生物学报》(Biology Letters),并被《自然》(Nature)“研究拔萃”报道(491卷163页);有关甘肃北山早三叠世鱼群的成果发表于《林奈动物学报》(Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society)和《北美古脊椎动物学报》(Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology)。这些研究成果推动了我们对早期脊椎动物生物多样性、古地理和生态学的认识,为了解辐鳍鱼类的系统发育、适应辐射、性双型和生殖方式等提供了新的实证。

社会任职:研究方向:

古、中生代之交低等辐鳍鱼类的演化

基干新鳍鱼的系统发育关系、水上滑翔起源、性双型和生殖方式

新鳍鱼类(包括全骨鱼类和真骨鱼类)的起源、生物地理和生态学研究

承担科研项目情况:

2017-2020 中生代新鳍鱼类的分类、系统发育和适应辐射 国家自然科学基金面上项目 (主持)

2013-2016 中国晚二叠世-三叠纪辐鳍鱼类的演化及全骨鱼类的起源国家自然科学基金面上项目 (主持)

2010-2012 三叠纪生物复苏期劳亚大陆东部的淡水鱼群研究 国家自然科学基金面上项目(青年) (主持)

2014-2015 中国三叠纪辐鳍鱼类的谱系关系及生态学研究 现代古生物学和地层学国家重点实验室项目 (主持)

2005-2009 东亚晚中生代以来淡水鱼类主要类群的演化格局与地质背景 国家自然科学基金重点项目 (参加)

代表论著:

论文(2009年入职至今)

Xu G-H, Ma X-Y, Zhao L-J. 2018. A large peltopleurid fish from the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) of Yunnan and Guizhou, China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 56: 106-120.Xu G-H, Ma X.-Y. 2018. Redescription and phylogenetic reassessment of ?Asialepidotus shingyiensis (Holostei: Halecomorphi) from the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) of China. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Doi: 10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx105/4827721 (SCI)Liu J, Jahandar R, Li L, Shang Q-H, Xu G-H, Wang Y-Y, Yang J-S. 2018. High-precision temporal calibration of Middle Triassic vertebrate biostratigraphy: U-Pb zircon constraints for the Sinokannemeyeria Fauna and Yonghesuchus. Vertebrata Palasiatica 56:16-24.Giles S, Xu G-H, Near TJ, Friedman M. 2017. Early members of ‘living fossil’ lineage imply later origin of modern ray-finned fishes. Nature 549: 265–268. (SCI)Ma X-Y, Xu G.-H. 2017. Exceptional fossils from China highlight the origin and early diversification of ionoscopiform halecomorphs. Research & Knowledge 3: 28-32.Xu G-H, Ma X-Y. 2017. Taxonomic revision of Asialepidotus shingyiensis Su, 1959 (Halecomorphi, Holostei) from the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) of Guizhou and Yunnan, China. Research & Knowledge 3: 36-38.Ma X-Y, Xu G-H. 2017. A new ionoscopiform fish (Holostei: Halecomorphi) from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Yunnan, China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 55(2): 92–106.Xu G-H, Ma X-Y. 2016. A Middle Triassic stem-neopterygian fish from China sheds new light on the peltopleuriform phylogeny and internal fertilization. Science Bulletin 61 (22): 1766–1774.Xu G-H, Zhao L-J. 2016. A Middle Triassic stem-neopterygian fish from China shows remarkable secondary sexual characteristics. Science Bulletin 61(4): 338-344.Xu G-H, Gao K-Q, Coates M. I. 2015. Taxonomic revision of Plesiofuro mingshuica from the Lower Triassic of northern Gansu, China, and the relationships of early neopterygian clades. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35: e1001515.Xu G-H, Shen C-C. 2015. Panxianichthys imparilis gen. et sp. nov., a new ionoscopiform (Halecomorphi) from the Middle Triassic of Guizhou, China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 53(1) 1-15. Xu G-H, Zhao L-J, Shen C-C. 2015. A Middle Triassic thoracopterid from China highlights the evolutionary origin of over-water gliding in early ray-finned fishes. Biology Letters 11: 20140960. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0960 (SCI)Xu G-H, Zhao L-J. 2015. From Potanichthys to Wushaichthys: resolving the evolutionary origin and reproductive strategy of the Thoracopteridae. Biology Letters 11: 20150604.Xu G-H, Zhao L-J, Coates M. I. 2014. The oldest ionoscopiform from China sheds new light on the early evolution of halecomorph fishes. Biology Letters 10:20140204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0204 (SCI)Xu G-H, Gao K-Q, Finarelli JA. 2014. A revision of the Middle Triassic scanilepiform fish Fukangichthys longidorsalis from Xinjiang, China, with comments on the phylogeny of the Actinopteri. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34(4): 747-759. (SCI)Xu G-H, Shen C-C, Zhao L-J. 2014. Pteronisculus nielseni sp. nov., a new stem-actinopteran fish from the Middle Triassic of Luoping, Yunnan Province, China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 52(4): 364-380. Shang Q-H, Liu J, Xu G-H, Wang L-T. 2014. The age of Triassic marine reptile Kwangsisaurus orientalis (Sauropterygia) from Wuming, Guangxi, China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 52(4): 381-389. Wang M, Zhou Z-H, Xu G-H. 2014. The first enantiornithine bird from the Upper Cretaceous of China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34(1): 135-145. (SCI)Wu F-X, Chang M-M, Sun Y-L, Xu G-H.2013. A New Saurichthyiform (Actinopterygii) with a Crushing Feeding Mechanism from the Middle Triassic of Guizhou (China). PLOS ONE 8: e81010. (SCI)Xu G-H, Zhao L-J, Gao K-Q, Wu F-X. 2012. A new stem-neopterygian fish from the Middle Triassic of China shows the earliest over-water gliding strategy of the vertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 280: 20122261. (SCI)Xu G-H, Wu F-X. 2012. A deep-bodied ginglymodian fish from the Middle Triassic of eastern Yunnan Province, China, and the phylogeny of lower neopterygians. Chinese Science Bulletin 111–118. (SCI)Wu F-X, Sun Y-L, Xu G-H, Hao W-C, Jiang D-Y, Sun Z-Y. 2011. New saurichthyid fishes (Actinopterygii) from the Middle Triassic (Pelsonian, Anisian) of southwestern China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 56: 581–614. (SCI)López-Arbarello A, Sun Z-Y, Sferco E, Tintori A, Xu G-H, Sun Y-L, Wu F-X, Jiang D-Y. 2011. New Species of Sangiorgioichthys Tintori and Lombardo, 2007 (Neopterygii, Semionotiformes) from the Anisian of Luoping (Yunnan Province, South China). Zootaxa2749: 25–39. (SCI)Xu G-H, Gao K-Q. 2011. A new scanilepiform from the Lower Triassic of northern Gansu province, China, and phylogenetic relationships of non-teleostean actinopterygians. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 595–612. (SCI)Wu F-X, Sun Y-L, Hao W-C, Jiang D-Y, Xu G-H, Sun Z-Y, Tintori A. 2009. A new species of Saurichthys (Actinopterygii: Saurichthyidae) from Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Yunnan Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 83: 440–450. (SCI)Xu G-H, Chang M-M.2009. Redescription of ?Paralycoptera wui Chang & Chou 1977 (Teleostei: Osteoglossoidei) from the Early Cretaceous of eastern China. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 83–106. (SCI)

会议报告和摘要

1.Xu G-H,Zhao L-J, Coates M. 2013. A new ionoscopiform from the Middle Triassic of China, and phylogenetic relationships of the Halecomorphi. 6th International Meeting on the Mesozoic Fishes. Vienna, Austria. August 4-10, 2013.

2.Xu G-H, Zhao L-J, Gao K-Q, Wu F-X. 2012. A new thoracopterid flying fish from the Middle Triassic of Guizhou, China. Critical transitions across the Phanerozoic –A roundtable workshop on Sino-US collaborative research on major events in the history of life during the past 600 million years. Los Angeles, USA. March 8-11, 2012.

3.Xu G-H, Gao K-Q. 2010. Taxonomic revision of Fukangichthys (Actinoptergyii: Scanilepiformes) from the Middle Triassic of Xinjiang, China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30: 190A. Society for Vertebrate Paleontology 70th Anniversary Meeting. Pittsburgh, PA, USA. October 10-13, 2010.

4.Xu G-H, Gao K-Q. 2009. Osteology and phylogenetic relationships of scanilepiforms (Osteichthys: Actinopterygii) from the Triassic of Gansu and Xinjiang, Northwest China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29: 204A. Society for Vertebrate Paleontology 69th Annual Meeting. University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. September 23-26, 2009.

5.Xu G-H, Gao K-Q. 2008. Taxonomic revison and biostratigraphic significance of Plesiofuro (Actinopterygii: Perleidiformes) based on new fossils from the Lower Triassic of northern Gansu province, China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28: 163A. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29: 204A. Society for Vertebrate Paleontology 68th Annual Meeting. Cleveland, Ohio, USA. October 15-18, 2008.

6.Xu G-H, Gao K-Q. 2007. Early Triassic freshwater fishes from northern Gansu province, China, and the age of the Beishan beds. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27: 169A. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29: 204A. Society for Vertebrate Paleontology 67th Annual Meeting. Austin, Texas, USA. October 17-20, 2007.

7.Xu G-H. 2006. Revision of Paralycoptera from Early Cretaceous of China and phylogeny of Osteoglossiformes. In Yang Q et al. (eds.): Abstracts of the Second International Palaeontological Congress. University of Science and Technology of China Press. 451.2nd International Palaeontological Congress. Beijing, China. June 17-21, 2006.

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