赵艳

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所

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  • 赵艳
  • 研究员

个人简况

女,1968年2月生,博士,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所研究员,博士生导师。2010年入选德国洪堡学者,2011年获得国家杰出青年科学基金和“中国青年女科学家奖”,2012年获得“中国青年科技奖”,2013年入选科技部“中青年科技创新领军人才”。研究成果获2009年度甘肃省自然科学一等奖(第一完成人)。担任国际第四纪研究会(INQUA)人类与生物圈专业委员会(HaB)副主席和中国孢粉学会理事等国内外学术职务,兼任国内外SCI刊物“Vegetation History and Archaeobotany”副主编,“Global and Planetary Change”,“Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology”编委会成员和“Science China (Earth Sciences)”编委。近年共发表SCI论文60余篇,其中第一作者论文20篇。论文共被SCI他引1100余次。

学习背景

1985-1989年,湖北大学地理系,获学士学位。

1992-1995年,湖北大学地理系,获硕士学位。

1995-1998年,武汉大学历史地理研究所,获博士学位。

工作经历

1998年9月-2001年10月,中国地质大学地球科学学院,博士后

2000年4月-2001年5月,英国伦敦大学学院环境变化研究中心,博士后

2002年2月-2002年12月,德国国家自然历史博物馆,博士后

2003-2007年,兰州大学资源环境学院,副教授

2008-2011,兰州大学西部环境与气候变化研究院,教授,博士生导师

2012-今,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,研究员,博士生导师

研究成果

主要从事晚第四纪古生态与古气候研究。中国西北干旱区生态系统非常脆弱,其对气候变化响应的过程与机理是重要的科学问题。近年来的主要工作正是围绕这一问题,系统地开展了我国西北干旱区环境的现代过程、干旱生态系统历史重建、干旱生态系统对气候变化的响应规律和机制研究。(1)在我国西北地区开展了大量野外调查,对700余个代表性地点开展了现代表土样品或湖泊表泥样品采集,通过批量花粉鉴定,建立了干旱区花粉与现代气候要素的定性及定量化关系,并筹建了公众共享的中国西部孢粉数据库,为西北地区古气候历史定量重建奠定了扎实的基础。(2)通过不同地区的30余支岩芯、数千样个孢粉、沉积和植物残体样品分析,在西北干旱区全新世气候-植被历史重建方面取得了系统的研究成果,构成了西北气候和植被演化的时间和空间变异研究的系统证据。(3)以前两项工作为基础,系统研究了不同生态系统对气候变化的响应方式,提出干旱生态系统对全新世降水变化具临界效应等理论性认识。(4)系统地开展了中国西部泥炭地生态系统与碳动态研究,提出过去5万年泥炭地的发育与碳积累速率与太阳辐射密切相关,为研究全球变暖背景下泥炭地生态系统的发展提供了基础数据与认识。

研究成果主要发表在国际有影响的地学刊物上,如Earth-Science Reviews (影响因子IF=7.135), Quaternary Science Reviews (IF=4.571), Global Biogeochemical Cycles (IF=4.528), Geophysical Research Letters (IF=3.982), Biogeosciences (IF=4.456), Global and Planetary Change (IF=3.707)和The Holocene (IF=3.794)等。

主持的科研项目

赵艳,2012-2015,古生态与古气候,国家杰出青年科学基金(41125006)。

赵艳等,2012-2016,西北干旱区湖泊水文-生态系统演变过程与机制,973课题(2012CB956102)。

赵艳等,2014-2018,青藏高原东部植被变化与冰期间冰期气候旋回,国家自然科学基金委重点项目(41330105)。

发表主要论文

1. Zhao, Y., Sayer, D.C., Birks, H.H. Hughes, M., Peglar, S.M., 2006. Spatial representation of aquatic vegetation by macrofossil and pollen remains in a small and shallow lake. Journal of Paleolimnology 35, 335-350.

2. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Chen, F.H., Ito, E., Zhao, C., 2007. Holocene vegetation and climate history at Hurleg Lake in the Qaidam Basin, northwest China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 145, 275-288.

3. Zhao, Y., Hoelzer, A., Yu, Z.C., 2007. Late Holocene natural and human-induced environmental change reconstructed from peat records in eastern central China. Radiocarbon 49, 789-798.

4. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Chen, F.H., Liu, X.J., Ito, E., 2008. Sensitive response of desert vegetation to moisture change based on a near-annual resolution pollen record from Gahai Lake in the Qaidam Basin, northwest China. Global and Planetary Change 62, 107-114.

5. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Chen, F.H., Li, J.J., 2008. Holocene vegetation and climate change from a lake sediment record in the Tengger Sandy Desert, northwest China. Journal of Arid Environments 72, 2054-2064.

6. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Chen, F.H., 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns of Holocene vegetation and climate changes in arid and semi-arid China. Quaternary International 194, 6-18.

7. Zhao, Y., Herzschuh, U., 2009. Modern pollen representation of source vegetation in the Qaidam Basin and surrounding mountains, northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.18, 245-260.

8. Zhao, Y., Xu, Q.H., Huang, X.Z., Guo, X.L., Tao, S.C., 2009. Difference of modern pollen assemblages from lake sediments and surface soils in arid and semi-arid China and their significance for pollen-based quantitative climate reconstruction. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 156, 519-524.

9. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Chen, F.H., Zhang, J.W., Yang, B., 2009. Vegetation response to Holocene climate change in monsoon-influenced region of China. Earth-Science Reviews 97, 242-256.

10. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Liu, X.J., Zhao, C., Chen, F.H., Zhang, K., 2010. Late Holocene Vegetation and Climate Oscillations in the Qaidam Basin of the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Research 73, 59-69.

11. Zhao, Y., Sun, Q.F., 2010. Reliability of pollen concentration as the indicator of effective moisture in arid and semi-arid regions of China. Journal of Arid Environments 74, 423-427.

12. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Zhao, C., 2010. Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) declines at 9500 and 5300 cal yr BP caused by Holocene climatic shifts in northeastern North America. The Holocene 20, 877-886.

13. Zhao, Y., Chen, F.H., Zhou, A.F., Yu, Z.C., 2010. Vegetation history, climate change and human activities over the last 6200 years on the Liupan Mountains in the southwestern Loess Plateau in central China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 293, 197-205.

14. Zhao. Y., Yu, Z.C., Zhao, W.W., 2011. Holocene vegetation and climate histories in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau: controls by insolation-driven temperature or monsoon-derived precipitation changes? Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 1173-1184.

15. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., 2012. Vegetation response to Holocene climate change in East Asian monsoon-margin region. Earth-Science Reviews 113, 1-10.

16.Zhao, Y., Liu, H.Y., Li, F.R, Huang, X.Z., Sun, J.H., Zhao, W.W., Herzschuh, U., Tang, Y., 2012. Application and limitation of Artemisia/Chenopodiaceae pollen ratio in arid and semi-arid China. The Holocene 22, 1385-1392.

17. Zhao, Y., Li, F.R., Hou, Y.T., Sun, J.H., Zhao, W.W., Tang, Y., Li, H., 2012. Surface pollen and its relationships with modern vegetation and climate on the Loess Plateau and surrounding deserts. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 181, 47-53.

18. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Yu, T., Li, H., Yang, B., Li, F.R., Zhao, W.W., Sun, J.H., Chen, J.H., Li, Q., 2014. Peatland initiation and carbon accumulation in China over the last 50,000 years. Earth-Science Reviews 148, 139-145.

19. Zhao, Y., Tang, Y., Yu, Z.C., Li, H., Yang, B., Zhao, W.W., Li, F.R., Li, Q., 2014. Holocene peatland initiation, lateral expansion and carbon dynamics in the Zoige Basin of the eastern Tibetan Plateau. The Holocene 24, 1137-1145.

20. Zhao, Y., Yu, Z.C., Herzschuh, U., Yang, B., Zhao, H., Fang, K.Y., Li, H., Li, Q., 2014. Vegetation and climate change during Marine Isotope Stage 3 in China. Chinese Science Bulletin 59, 4444-4456.