王训明

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所

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  • 王训明
  • 研究员

个人简况

安徽安庆市人,研究员,中国科学院“陆地水循环及地表过程”重点实验室副主任,中国科学院特聘研究员,中国科学院大学岗位教授。(曾)现任中国地理学会沙漠分会理事,《中国沙漠》编委、《地理科学进展》编委、《Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions》常务编委、“联合国防治荒漠化公约”独立专家、中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所/地理科学与资源研究所学术委员会委员,国家杰出青年科学基金获得者。主要从事中国北方资源与环境及地表过程研究。

部分学术成果:

(1)揭示了主要地貌单元的粉尘释放机理,阐明了风沙活动对风成沉积的物质组成有不可忽略的影响,相关研究结果对过去全球变化重建模式的精确度进行了修正。(2)重建了历史时期中国干旱、半干旱区及蒙古地区的沙漠化过程,重建方法和所获得的结果被现代沙漠化监测结果、历史文献及考古资料所证实;通过沙漠化过程模拟,提出了中国本世纪中叶后将有大范围沙漠化的可能。(3)探索了沙漠化的驱动机制及其时空差异性,阐明了气温、降水及风场等因素对沙漠化影响的区域差异,明确了气温升高有利于季风边缘区沙漠化区沙漠化逆转、而导致非季风区沙漠化区沙漠化发展的事实。(4)分析了风沙运动中养分的释放、搬运和沉降机制,归纳了风沙活动对陆地生态系统的影响。(5)指出了黄土高原的物源有明显的季节性变化,自春季、夏秋至冬季,黄土高原西部至少分别存在6,4,和2个主要物源区;证实了沙尘事件发生频率和现代黄土堆积厚度之间没有明显的关联等等。在SCI/SSCI 源期刊上以第一作者发表论文50 余篇。

研究方向:

全球变化、地表过程、资源与环境等。

部分论著:

[1]Xunming Wang*, Junpeng Lou, Diwen Cai, Linlin Jiao, 2019. Effects of Earth surface processes on the heterogeneity of surface soil elements and the responses of vegetation elements in the Otindag Desert, China. Catena, 10.1016/j.catena.2019.104214.

[2]*Xunming Wang, Jimin Sun, Mingrui Qiang, Caixia Zhang, Danfeng Li, Ting Hua, Hui Li, Lili Lang,Linlin Jiao, Diwen Cai, Wenyong Ma. 2019. Geochemical characteristics of dust aerosol availability 1 in northwestern China. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, doi: 10.1007/s12517-019-4580-0.

[3]*Xunming Wang, Diwen Cai, Jimin Sun, Huayu Lu, Wenbin Liu, Mingrui Qiang, Hong Cheng, Huizheng Che, Ting Hua, Caixia Zhang, 2019. Contributions of modern Gobi Desert to the Badain Jaran Desert and the Chinese Loess Plateau. Scientific Reports, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37635-y.

[4]*Xunming Wang, Ting Hua, BQ Zhu, Lili Lang, Caixia Zhang, 2018. Geochemical characteristics of the fine-grained component of surficial deposits from dust source areas in northwestern China. Aeolian Research 34, 18-26.

[5]*Xunming Wang, Hong Cheng, Huizheng Che, Jimin Sun, Huayu Lu, Mingrui Qiang, Ting Hua, Bingqi Zhu, Hui Li, Wenyong Ma, Lili Lang, Linlin Jiao, Danfeng Li, 2017. Modern dust aerosol availability in northwestern China. Scientific Reports 7, 8741.

[6]*Xunming Wang, Wenyong Ma, Ting Hua, Danfeng Li, 2017. Variation in vegetation greenness along China’s land border. Science China-Earth Sciences 60, 2025-2032.

[7]*Xunming Wang, Junpeng Lou, Wenyong Ma, Linlin Jiao, Hui Li, Ting Hua, 2017. The impact of reclamation on aeolian desertification of four species in the Otindag Desert, China. Catena 157, 189-194.

[8]*Xunming Wang, Hong Cheng, Hui Li, Junpeng Lou, Ting Hua, Wenbin Liu, Linlin Jiao, Wenyong Ma, Danfeng Li, Bingqi Zhu, 2017. Key driving forces of desertification in the Mu Us Desert, China. Scientific Reports 7, 3933.

[9]*Xunming Wang, Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Hui Li, Caixia Zhang, Wenyong Ma, 2017. Effects of aeolian processes on soil nutrient loss in the Gonghe Basin, Qinghai–Tibet Plateau: A experimental study. Journal of Soils and Sediments 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s11368-017-1734-0.

[10]*Xunming Wang, Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Caixia Zhang, Hui Li, 2017. The effects of sorting by aeolian processes on the geochemical characteristics of surface materials: a wind tunnel experiment. Journal Frontiers of Earth Science (4), 1-9.

[11]Xunming Wang, Ting Hua*, Lili Lang, Wenyong Ma, 2016. Spatial differences of aeolian desertification responses to climate in arid Asia. Global and Planetary Change 148, 22-28.

[12]*Xunming Wang, Ting Hua, Wenyong Ma, 2016. Responses of aeolian desertification to a range of climate scenarios in China. Solid-Earth 7(3), 959-964.

[13]*Xunming Wang, Lili Lang, Ping Yan, Guangtao Wang, Hui Li, Wenyong Ma, Ting Hua, 2016. Aeolian processes and their effect on sandy desertification of the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau: A wind tunnel experiment. Soil & Tillage Research 158, 67-75.

[14]*Xunming Wang, Lili Lang, Hui Li, Ting Hua, Guangtao Wang, Na Zhou, Linlin Jiao, 2015. Geochemical evidence for seasonal variations in potential loess sources of the western Chinese Loess Plateau. Atmospheric Environment 120, 369-375.

[15]Xunming Wang, *Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Caixia Zhang, Dunsheng Xia, 2015. Geochemical and magnetic characteristics of aeolian transported materials under different near-surface wind fields: an experimental study. Geomorphology 239, 106-113.

[16]*Xunming Wang, Wenyong Ma, Lili Lang and Ting Hua, 2015. Controls on desertification during the early twenty-first century in the Water Tower region of China. Regional Environmental Change 15, 735–746.

[17]Xunming Wang, *Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Caixia Zhang, Hui Li, 2014. Variations in the wind-energy regime of the Taklimakan Desert, central Asia, over the last 700 years as inferred from nebkha sedimentology and chronology. Boreas 43(4), 882-894.

[18]*Xunming Wang, Guangtao Wang, Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Hongtao Wang, 2013. Aeolian transport and sandy desertification in semiarid China: A wind tunnel approach. Land Degradation & Development, doi: 10.1002/ldr.2249.

[19]*Xunming Wang, 2013. Sandy desertification: Borne on the wind. Chinese Science Bulletin 58(20), 2395-2403.

[20]*Xunming Wang, Lili Lang, Caixia Zhang, Ting Hua, Hongtao Wang, 2012. The influence of near-surface winds on the Sr isotope composition of aeolian sediments: a wind tunnel experiment. Chemical Geology 308-309, 10-17.

[21]*Xunming Wang, Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Hongtao Wang, Caixia Zhang, Zhenting Wang, 2012. Characteristics of the Gobi desert and their significance for dust emissions in the Ala Shan Plateau (Central Asia): An experimental study. Journal of Arid Environments 81, 35-46.

[22]*Xunming Wang, Dunsheng Xia, Caixia Zhang, Lili Lang, Ting Hua, Shuang Zhao, 2012. Geochemical and magnetic characteristics of fine-grained surface sediments in potential dust source areas: Implications for tracing the provenance of aeolian deposits and associated palaeoclimatic change in East Asia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 323-325, 123-132.

[23]*Xunming Wang, Ting Hua, Caixia Zhang, Guangqiang Qian, Wanyin Luo, 2012. Salts in the clay playas of China’s arid regions: gone with the wind. Environmental Earth Sciences 68(3), 623-631 .

[24]*Xunming Wang, Ting Hua, Caixia Zhang, Lili Lang, Hongtao Wang, 2012. Aeolian salts in Gobi deserts of the western region of Inner Mongolia: Gone with the dust aerosols. Atmospheric Research 118, 1-9.

[25]*Xunming Wang, Caixia Zhang, Hongtao Wang, Guangqiang Qian, Wanyin Luo, Junfeng Lu, Li Wang, 2011. The significance of Gobi desert surfaces for dust emissions in China: an experimental study. Environmental Earth Sciences 64, 1039-1050.

[26]*Xunming Wang, Caixia Zhang, Jiawu Zhang, Ting Hua, Lili Lang, Xiaoyou Zhang, Li Wang, 2010. Nebkha formation: Implications for reconstructing environmental changes over the past several centuries in the Ala Shan Plateau, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 297, 697-706.

[27]*Xunming Wang, Fahu Chen, Jiawu Zhang, Yi Yang, Jijun Li, Eerdun Hasi, Caixia Zhang, Dunsheng Xia, 2010. Climate, desertification, and the rise and collapse of China's historical dynasties. Human Ecology 38, 157-172. (SSCI)

[28]*Xunming Wang, Caixia Zhang, Eerdun Hasi, Zhibao Dong, 2010. Has the Three Norths Forest Shelterbelt Program solved the desertification and dust storm problems in arid and semiarid China? Journal of Arid Environments 74, 13-22.

[29]*Xunming Wang, Ning Huang, Zhibao Dong, Caixia Zhang, 2010. Mineral and trace element analysis in dustfall collected in the Hexi Corridor and its significance as an indicator of environmental changes. Environmental Earth Sciences 60 (1), 1-10.

[30]*Xunming Wang, Yi Yang, Zhibao Dong, Caixia Zhang, 2009. Responses of dune activity and desertification in China to global warming in the twenty-first century. Global and Planetary Change 67, 167-185.

[31]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Caixia Zhang, Guangqiang Qian, Wanyin Luo, 2009. Characterization of the composition of dust fallout and identification of dust sources in arid and semiarid North China. Geomorphology 112, 144-157.

[32]*Xunming Wang, Jijun Li, Guangrong Dong, Dunsheng Xia, 2008. Responses of desertification to variations in wind activity over the past five decades in arid and semiarid areas in China. Chinese Science Bulletin 53 (3), 426-433.

[33]*Xunming Wang, Honglang Xiao, Jinchang Li, Mingrui Qiang, Zhizu Su, 2008. Nebkha development and its relationship to environmental change in the Alaxa Plateau, China. Environmental Geology 56, 359-365.

[34]*Xunming Wang, Fahu Chen, Eerdun Hasi, Jinchang Li, 2008. Desertification in China: An assessment. Earth-Science Reviews 88, 188-206.

[35]*Xunming Wang, Dunsheng Xia, Tao Wang, Xian Xue, Jinchang Li, 2008. Dust sources in arid and semiarid China and southern Mongolia: Impacts of geomorphological setting and surface materials. Geomorphology 97, 583-600.

[36]*Xunming Wang, Eerdun Hasi, Zijiang Zhou, Xiaoping Liu, 2007. Significance of variations in the wind energy environment over the past 50 years with respect to dune activity and desertification in arid and semiarid northern China. Geomorphology 86, 252-266.

[37]*Xunming Wang, Fahu Chen, Zhibao Dong, 2006. The relative role of climatic and human factors in desertification in semiarid China. Global Environmental Change 16, 48-57.

[38]*Xunming Wang, Zijiang Zhou, Zhibao Dong, 2006. Control of dust emissions by geomorphic conditions, wind environments and land use in northern China: An examination based on dust storm frequency from 1960 to 2003. Geomorphology 81, 292-308.

[39]*Xunming Wang, Tao Wang, Zhibao Dong, Xiaoping Liu, Guangqiang Qian, 2006. Nebkha development and its significance to wind erosion and land degradation in semi-arid northern China. Journal of Arid Environments 65, 129-141.

[40]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Ping Yan, Zuotao Yang, Zhixin Hu, 2005. Surface sample collection and dust source analysis in northwestern China. Catena 59, 35-53.

[41]*Xunming Wang, Fahu Chen, Zhibao Dong, Dunsheng Xia, 2005. Evolution of the southern Mu Us Desert in North China over the past 50 years: an analysis using proxies of human activity and climate parameters. Land Degradation & Development 16, 351-366.

[42]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Ping Yan, Jiawu Zhang, Guangqiang Qian, 2005. Wind energy environments and dunefield activity in the Chinese deserts. Geomorphology 65, 33-48.

[43]*Xunming Wang, Zijiang Zhou, Zhibao Dong, Fahu Chen, 2005. Do humans create mineral dust in northwest China? Environmental Geology 48, 609-614.

[44]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Lichao Liu, Jianjun Qu, 2004. Sand sea activity and interactions with climatic parameters in the Taklimakan Sand Sea, China. Journal of Arid Environments 57, 85-98.

[45]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Jiawu Zhang, Lichao Liu, 2004. Modern dust storms in China: an overview. Journal of Arid Environments 58, 559-574.

[46]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Jiawu Zhang, Jianjun Qu, 2004. Formation of the complex linear dunes in the central Taklimakan Sand Sea, China. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 29, 677-686.

[47]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Jianjun Qu, Jiawu Zhang, Aiguo Zhao, 2003. Dynamic processes of a simple linear dune--a study in the Taklimakan Sand Sea, China. Geomorphology 52, 233-241.

[48]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Jiawu Zhang, Jianjun Qu, Aiguo Zhao, 2003. Grain size characteristics of dune sands in the central Taklimakan Sand Sea. Sedimentary Geology 161, 1-14.

[49]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Jiawu Zhang, Guangting Chen, 2002. Geomorphology of sand dunes in the Northeast Taklimakan Desert. Geomorphology 42, 183-195.

[50]*Xunming Wang, Zhibao Dong, Jiawu Zhang, Aiguo Zhao, 2002. Relations between morphology, air flow, sand flux and particle size on transverse dunes, Taklimakan Sand Sea, China. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27, 515-526.