石培礼

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所

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  • 石培礼
  • 研究员

个人简况

男,1969年生,重庆市人,博士。现任中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所研究员,博士生导师,中国科学院拉萨高原生态综合试验站副站长。1999年在中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会获生态学专业博士学位,2004年瑞士巴塞尔大学植物研究所和2008年美国俄克拉荷马州立大学高级研究学者。获青藏高原青年科技奖和王宽诚西部学者突出贡献奖。现任Journal of Resources and Ecology副主编,International Scholarly Research Notices、植物生态学报和林业世界等学术期刊编委,中国科学院大学兼职教授。

研究领域

主要研究植物生理生态学和生态系统生态学。在植物生理生态学方面,主要研究高海拔植物的生理生态适应、高山树线形成机理及其对气候变化的响应;在生态系统生态学方面,主要开展青藏高原主要生态系统的碳、氮循环过程及生态系统功能的研究。

主要研究项目

目前主持国家自然科学基金面上项目、国际山地综合发展中心(ICIMOD)跨境合作、国家973课题和中国科学院先导性专项课题等10余项。

主要学术成就

1) 高原植物对极端环境因素和气候变化的响应与适应机制

以高原农作物和高山树线为对象,揭示了植物对高寒环境的适应及生产力形成机制。发现青藏高原低CO2分压条件下植物不存在光合和生理的劣势,青藏高原不同生活型的世界最高树线树木在目前CO2浓度下生长已达碳饱和。

2) 生态系统碳、氮循环过程及植物-微生物相互作用

运用箱式法、涡度相关技术及植物生态学的理论和方法,研究了西藏典型生态系统的碳循环特征,发现优势植物物候对控制碳循环水热因子的修饰作用和春末、秋季脉冲式降水对生态系统碳源/汇关系影响的不确定性。研究了高寒草甸生态系统地上-地下氮素运移规律及植物与微生物之间的关系,揭示高寒植物利用不同形态氮的生态位分化和物种共存的机制。

主要学术论文

1)Zong, N., Song, M., Shi, P., Jiang, J., Zhang, X. & Shen, Z. 2014. Timing patterns of nitrogen application alter plant production and CO2 efflux in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau, China. Pedobiologia 57, 263-269.

2)Wu, J.S., Shen, Z.X., Shi, P.L., Zhou, Y.T. & Zhang, X.Z. 2014. Effects of Grazing Exclusion on Plant Functional Group Diversity of Alpine Grasslands along a Precipitation Gradient on the Northern Tibetan Plateau. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 46, 419-429.

3)Jiang, J., Shi, P., Zong, N., Fu, G., Shen, Z., Zhang, X. & Song, M. 2014. Climatic patterns modulate ecosystem and soil respiration responses to fertilization in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau, China. Ecological Research, 1-11.

4)He, Y., Xu, X., Kueffer, C., Zhang, X. & Shi, P. 2014. Leaf litter of a dominant cushion plant shifts nitrogen mineralization to immobilization at high but not low temperature in an alpine meadow. Plant and Soil 383, 415-426.

5)Zong, N., Shi, P., Jiang, J., Song, M., Xiong, D., Ma, W., Fu, G., Zhang, X. & Shen, Z. 2013. Responses of ecosystem CO2 fluxes to short-term experimental warming and nitrogen enrichment in an alpine meadow, northern Tibet Plateau. The Scientific World Journal , http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/415318.

6)Wu, J., Zhang, X., Shen, Z., Shi, P., Xu, X. & Li, X. 2013. Grazing-Exclusion Effects on Aboveground Biomass and Water-Use Efficiency of Alpine Grasslands on the Northern Tibetan Plateau. Rangeland Ecology & Management 66, 454-461.

7)Jiang, J., Zong, N., Song, M., Shi, P., Ma, W., Fu, G., Shen, Z., Zhang, X. & Ouyang, H. 2013. Responses of ecosystem respiration and its components to fertilization in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau. European Journal of Soil Biology 56, 101-106.

8)Fujimura, S., Shi, P., Iwama, K., Zhang, X., Gopal, J. & Jitsuyama, Y. 2010. Effect of Altitude on the Response of Net Photosynthetic Rate to Carbon Dioxide Increase by Spring Wheat. Plant Prod. Sci. 13, 141-149.

9)Ma, W., Shi, P., Li, W., He, Y., Zhang, X., Shen, Z. & Chai, S. 2010. Changes in individual plant traits and biomass allocation in alpine meadow with elevation variation on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Science China Life Sciences 53, 1142-1151.

10)Shi P, Körner Ch., Hoch G. 2008. A test of the growth-limitation theory for alpine treeline formation in evergreen- and deciduous taxa of the Eastern Himalayas. Functional Ecology, 22: 213-220.

11)Li M., Xiao W., Shi P., et al. 2008. Nitrogen and carbon source–sink relationships in trees at the Himalayan treelines compared with lower elevations. Plant, Cell and Environment 31: 1377-1387.

12)Xu L., Zhang X., Shi P., et al. 2007. Modeling the maximum apparent quantum use efficiency of alpine meadow ecosystem on the Tibetan Plateau. Ecological Modelling, 208: 129-134.

13)Shi P., Zhang X., Zhong Z., et al. 2006. Diurnal and seasonal variability of soil CO2 efflux in a cropland ecosystem on the Tibetan Plateau. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 137 (3-4): 220-233.

14)Shi P., Körner Ch., Hoch G. 2006. End of season carbon supply status of woody species near the treeline in western China. Basic and Applied Ecology 7 (4): 370-377.

15)Shi P., Sun X., Xu L., et al. 2006. Net ecosystem CO2 exchange and controlling factors in a steppe-Kobresia meadow on the Tibetan Plateau. Science in China, Ser. D Earth Sciences, 49(Supp II): 207-218.

16)Sun S., Jin D., Shi P. 2006. The leaf size-twig size spectrum of temperate woody species along an altitudinal gradient: An invariant allometric scaling relationship. Annals of Botany (London) 97 (1): 97-107.