朱秉启

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所

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  • 朱秉启
  • 副研究员

个人简况

男,1976年出生,安徽宿州人,理学博士,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所副研究员。

教育、工作背景

1995.9~1999.7 新疆大学地理系 自然地理学专业 理学学士

1999.9~2002.7 新疆大学资源与环境科学学院 自然地理学专业 理学硕士

2002.9~2007.6 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 第四纪地质学专业 理学博士

主持科研项目

[1].中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所优秀青年人才基金项目-可桢杰出青年学者计划(2013RC101):近千年阿拉善荒漠区地下水的大气降水补给研究(2014.4.1-2017.3.31)。

[2]. 国家自然科学基金面上项目(41371060):额济纳荒漠非饱和带记录的大气降水补给及其古环境意义(2014.1-2017.12)。

[3]. 国家自然科学基金青年项目(40901059):我国极端干旱-半干旱气候断面上沙漠表沙的无机盐的组成、来源及其环境响应(2010.1-2012.12)。

参加科研项目

[1].国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划):干旱区绿洲化、荒漠化过程及其对人类活动、气候变化的响应与调控(2009CB421300)(2009.1-2013.12)。

[2]. 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40930105):浑善达克沙地的形成、末次冰期以来的演变过程及其对全球变化的响应(2010.1-2012.12)。

[3]. 中国工程院重大咨询项目:新疆可持续发展中有关水资源的战略研究,新疆自然环境演变、气候变化及人类活动影响(2010.1-2010.12)。

[4]. 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(kzcx2-yw-119):沙漠高大沙丘的形成、发育与全球变化—以巴丹吉林沙漠为例(2007.1-2010.12)。

在研究领域上,侧重于干旱环境及其地貌景观的形成、演化和表生物质循环过程的研究。近年来,针对中国北方干旱-半干旱区的水文、第四纪沉积和无机盐沉积开展了地貌学、沉积地质学、水文学、地球化学和年代学等研究,力图为理解干旱环境下的水文-地貌演化、陆壳风化、古气候与古环境变化、表生物质循环过程和规律等提供科学证据。例如,认为干旱区(荒漠/沙漠)流域水文地球化学格局具有明显的地域性特征,三水(地表水、地下水、降水)之间具有不同的区域性循环机制;水文地球化学成因上,干旱环境下受气候因素主导,非干旱区受区域地质地貌因素主控,人类活动对低地形潜水层(如绿洲)水体已造成明显影响;西风气候系统下的西北沙漠(以塔克拉玛干为例),沙物质来源具有粗沙异质、细沙高度混合特征,冰川、风、河流和湖泊过程共同制约了沙的来源和沙漠的形成;沙区陆壳化学风化以碳酸盐富集和钠、钾硅酸盐分解为主,受控于区域活动构造和持续干旱的气候因素,处在大陆风化的早期阶段;北半球中纬度气候梯度带上,含碳无机钠盐决定了中国沙漠沙土壤的基本属性,无机盐组成、分布受控于大尺度气候水热组合条件和风场因素,为大气过程起源,主要来源于区域干沉降;浑善达克沙地晚第四纪地表有机碳密度在2500g/m2和1500g/m2之间变化,沙漠化引起区域有机碳总量损失40%。

主要研究领域和方向

干旱区环境演变,地貌与地表过程,水文/沉积物地球化学,风沙地貌与环境,水循环与碳循环等。

代表性学术论文

[1]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Rioual P, Gao Y, Zhang YC, Min LL. Geomorphoclimatic characteristics and landform information in the Ejina Basin, Northwestern China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2014, Doi: 10.1007/s12665-014-3927-9.

[2]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Rioual P. Geochemical signature of natural water recharge in the Jungar Basin and their response to climate. Water Environment Research, 2014, Doi: 10.2175/106143014X14182397986804.

[3]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Rioual P, Ren XZ. Particle size variation of aeolian dune deposits in the lower reaches of the Heihe River basin, China. Sedimentary Geology, 2014, 301: 54-69.

[4]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ. Aeolian sorting processes in the Ejina desert basin (China) and their response to depositional environment. Aeolian Research, 2014, 12: 111-120.

[5]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Qin XG, Rioual P, Zhang YC, Xiong HG. Formation and evolution of sand deserts in Xinjiang, NW China: II. The palaeo-environmental reconstruction. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2014, 24(3): 539-559.

[6]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Qin XG, Rioual P, Liu ZT, Xiong HG. Formation and evolution of sand deserts in Xinjiang, NW China: I. Provenances of desert sands. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2014, 24(1): 177-190.

[7]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Qin XG, Rioual P, Zhang YC, Liu ZT, Mu Y, Li HW, Ren XZ, Xiong HG. Identification of rock weathering and environmental control in arid catchments (northern Xinjiang) of Central Asia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2013, 66: 277-294.

[8]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Qin XG, Rioual P, Liu ZT, Zhang YC, Jiang FQ, Mu Y, Li HW, Ren XZ, Xiong HG. The Significance of mid-latitude rivers for weathering rates and chemical fluxes: evidence from northern Xinjiang rivers. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 486: 151-174.

[9]. Zhu BQ. Climate and geological factors explaining chemical composition of the natural water in northern Xinjiang watersheds, China. Quaternary International, 2012, 279-280: 563-563.

[10]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Qin XG, Rioual P, Xiong HG. Climatic and geological factors contributing to the natural water chemistry in an arid environment from watersheds in northern Xinjiang, China. Geomorphology, 2012, 153-154: 102-114.

[11]. Zhu BQ. Geochemical compositions of soluble salts in aeolian sands from deserts of northern China: implications for regional response on local hydrology and climate. Quaternary International, 2012, 279-280: 563-563.

[12]. Zhu BQ, Yang XP, Liu ZT, Rioual P, Li CZ, Xiong HG. Geochemical compositions of soluble salts in aeolian sands from the Taklamakan and Badanjilin deserts in northern China, and their influencing factors and environmental implications. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2012, 66(1): 337-353.

[13]. Zhu BQ. The continental chemical weathering of the Taklamakan Desert, northwestern China: evidence from the major element compositions of aeolian sediments. Quaternary International, 2012, 279-280: 563-563.

[14]. Zhu BQ, Yang XP, Rioual P, Qin XG, Liu ZT, Xiong HG, Yu JJ. Hydrogeochemistry of three watersheds (the Erlqis, Zhungarer and Yili) in northern Xinjiang, NW China. Applied Geochemistry, 2011, 26(8): 1535-1548.

[15]. Zhu BQ, Yang XP. The origin and distribution of soluble salts in the sand seas of northern China. Geomorphology, 2010, 123(3-4): 232-242.

[16]. Zhu BQ, Yang XP. Chemical weathering of detrital sediments in the Taklamakan Desert, northwestern China. Geographical Research, 2009, 47(1): 57-70.

[17]. Zhu BQ, Yang XP. The ion chemistry of surface and ground waters in the Taklimakan Desert of Tarim Basin, western China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2007, 52(12): 2123-2129.

[18]. Rioual P, Lu YB, Chu GQ, Zhu BQ, Yang XP. Morphometric variation of Seminavis pusilla (Bacillariophyceae) and its relationship to salinity in inter-dune lakes of the Badain Jaran Desert, Inner Mongolia, China. Phycological Research, 2014, 62: 282-293.

[19]. Ren XZ, Yang XP, Wang ZT, Zhu BQ, Zhang DG, Rioual P. Geochemical evidence of the sources of Aeolian sands and their transport pathways in the Minqin Basin, northwestern China. Quaternary International, 2014, 334-335: 165-178.

[20]. Rioual P, Lu YB, Yang H, Scuderi L, Chu GQ, Holmes J, Zhu BQ, Yang XP. Diatom-environment relationships and a transfer function for conductivity in lakes of the Badain Jaran Desert, Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Paleolimnology, 2013, 50(2): 207-229.

[21]. Yang XP, Scuderi L, Liu T, Paillou P, Li HW, Dong JF, Zhu BQ, Jiang WW, Jochems A, Weissmann G. Formation of the highest sand dunes on Earth. Geomorphology, 2011, 135(1-2): 108-116.

[22]. Yang XP, Ma NN, Dong JF, Zhu BQ, Xu B, Ma ZB, Liu JQ. Recharge to the inter-dune lakes and Holocene climatic changes in the Badain Jaran Desert, western China. Quaternary Research, 2010, 73(1): 10-19.

[23]. Yang XP, Zhu BQ, Wang XM, Li CZ, Zhou Z, Chen J, Wang X, Yin J, Lu Y. Late Quaternary environmental changes and organic carbon density in the Hunshandake Sandy Land, eastern Inner Mongolia, China. Global and Planetary Change, 2008, 61(1-2): 70-78.

[24]. Yang XP, Zhu BQ, White P D. Provenance of aeolian sediment in the Taklamakan Desert of western China, inferred from REE and major-elemental data. Quaternary International, 2007, 175(1): 71-85.

[25]. 朱秉启, 于静洁, Patrick Rioual, Yan Gao, 王平, 张一驰, 闵雷雷, 杜朝阳, 王训明, 熊黑钢. 荒漠地下水的大气降水补给及其环境意义-以阿拉善高原晚全新世记录为例. 第四纪研究, 2014, 34(5): 994-1012.

[26]. 朱秉启, 于静洁, 秦晓光, 刘子亭, 熊黑钢. 新疆地区沙漠形成与演化的古环境证据. 地理学报, 2013, 68(5): 661-679.

[27]. 朱秉启, 杨小平, Patrick Rioual, 刘子亭, 李朝柱, 熊黑钢. 沙漠风成沙的可溶盐组成及其环境意义. 第四纪研究, 2011, 31(6): 1029-1044.

[28]. 朱秉启, 杨小平. 塔克拉玛干沙漠天然水体的化学特征及其成因. 科学通报, 2007, 52(13): 1561-1566.

[29]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Rioual P, Gao Y, Zhang YC, Xiong HG. Climate effects on recharge and evolution of natural water resources in middle-latitude watersheds under arid climate. In: Ramkumar MU, Kumaraswamy K, Mohanraj R (Eds.). Environmental Management of River Basin Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, 2015. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13425-3_5. (ISBN: 978-3-319-13424-6).

[30]. Zhu BQ, Yu JJ, Qin XG, Rioual P, Xiong HG, Liu ZT. Natural and human influences on the inorganic water chemistry in an arid land of northern Xinjiang, China. In: Gotsiridze-Columbus N. (eds), Gavyn L. Kuhn and Jason R. Emery (Editors). Watersheds: Processes, Management and Impact. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2012. (ISBN: 978-1-62081-057-6). pp.45-74.

[31]. 朱秉启, 杨小平, 秦小光, 刘嘉麒. 新疆沙漠的形成与演变. 见: 刘嘉麒(主编), 新疆地区自然环境演变、气候变化及人类活动影响. 北京: 中国水利水电出版社, 2014. (ISBN: 978-7-5170-2660-0). pp. 69-107.