邵明安

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所

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  • 邵明安
  • 研究员

个人简况

男,研究员,博导,中国科学院院士。中国科学院大学岗位教授,中国科学院生态系统研究网络(CERN)水分分中心主任,中国农业专家咨询团成员,Journal of Hydrologic Engineering和International Soil and Water Conservation Research副主编。1996年获美国衣阿华州立科技大学博士学位。先后赴英国里丁大学和帝国理工学院、美国俄勒岗州立大学、内布拉斯加大学、衣阿华州立科技大学开展合作研究。获国家杰出青年基金资助。曾获首届中国青年科技奖、中国科学院青年科学家奖、中国青年科学家(地球科学)提名奖等。主持国家级和省部级科研项目:国家自然科学基金中英重大国际合作项目(项目首席)、国家重点研发计划课题、国家973课题、国家自然科学基金(重大研究计划、杰出青年基金、重点项目和面上项目)、教育部长江学者创新团队、中国科学院“百人计划”、中国科学院知识创新重要方向性项目和创新团队国际合作伙伴计划等。出版专(编)著10部,发表论文400余篇,其中被SCI收录200余篇(第一或通讯作者100余篇)。研究成果获国家二等奖3项(排名第1,2和5),省部/学会一等奖3项(排名第1)、二等奖7项(4项第1,3项第2)。

研究领域与研究方向

研究领域:

土壤物理、农业生态

研究方向:

土壤水、热、溶质运移,土壤-植物(被)-大气传输系统中(SPAC,SVAT)水分运动、土壤时空变异性、生态系统中物质迁移模拟等。

学术成就

1、建立了土壤水的广义相似理论和溶质迁移的边界层理论,提出了土壤水运动参数的积分法和相似法:积分法可获得全部水动力学参数,相似法拓展了传统法的测定范围。

2、建立了土壤-植物系统中水的动力学和瞬态流模型,提出了黄土区土壤水分有效性的动力学模式,为农业节水提供了重要科学依据。

3、基于空间变异原理,建立了科学的黄土高原土壤水监测网络,为大尺度的土壤水分研究提供了方法;揭示了黄土区土壤水分时空特征和土壤干层分布,建立了小流域土壤水分植被承载力模型,确定了土壤水对典型植被的承载力,为黄土高原合理的植被建造提供了科学依据。

代表性学术论著有(*通讯作者):

[1] 邵明安,黄明斌. 土—根系统水动力学,陕西科技出版社,2000

[2] 邵明安,王全九. 土壤物理学,高等教育出版社,2006

[3] 邵明安,郭忠升,夏永秋. 黄土高原土壤水分植被承载力研究,科学出版社, 2009.

[4] 邵明安,马东豪,朱元骏等. 黄土高原含碎石土壤的水分运动过程及水分有效性研究,科学出版社,2010

[5] 邵明安,杨文治,李玉山. 植物根系吸收土壤水分的数学模型. 土壤学报,24(4)(1987), 295-305.

[6] Shao MA. On time constant variability of electric analogy of water-flow in soil-plant system. Chinese Science Bulletin, 37(14)(1992), 1208-1211.

[7] Shao MA, Horton R. Soil water diffusivity determination by general similarity theory. Soil Science, 161(11)(1996), 727-734.

[8] Shao MA, Horton R. Integral method for estimating soil hydraulic properties. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 62(3)(1998), 585-592.

[9] Shao MA, Horton R, Jaynes DB. Analytical solution for one-dimensional heat conduction-convection equation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 62(1)(1998), 123-128.

[10] Shao MA, Horton R, Miller RK. An approximate solution to the convection-dispersion equation of solute transport in soil. Soil Science, 163(5)(1998), 339-345.

[11] Shao MA, Horton R. Exact solution for horizontal water redistribution by general similarity. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64(2)(2000), 561-564.

[12] Xia YQ, Shao MA*. Soil water carrying capacity for vegetation: A hydrologic and biogeochemical process model solution. Ecological Modelling, 214(2-4)(2008), 112-124.

[13] Ma DH, Shao MA*. Simulating infiltration into stony soils with a dual-porosity model. European Journal of Soil Science, 59(5)(2008), 950-959.

[14] Zhu YJ, Shao MA*. Variability and pattern of surface moisture on a small-scale hillslope in liudaogou catchment on the northern Loess Plateau of China. Geoderma, 147(3-4)(2008), 185-191.

[15] Hu W, Shao MA*, Wang QJ, Fan J, Horton R. Temporal changes of soil hydraulic properties under different land uses. Geoderma, 149(3-4)(2009), 355-366.

[16] Hu W, Shao MA*, Reichardt K. Using a new criterion to identify sites for mean soil water storage evaluation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 74(3)(2010), 762-773.

[17] Hu W, Shao MA*, Han FP, Reichardt K, Tan J. Watershed scale temporal stability of soil water content. Geoderma, 158(3-4)(2010), 181-198.

[18] Wang YQ, Shao MA*, Liu ZP. Large-scale spatial variability of dried soil layers and related factors across the entire Loess Plateau of China. Geoderma, 159(1-2)(2010), 99-108.

[19] Wang YQ, Shao MA*, Shao HB. A preliminary investigation of the dynamic characteristics of dried soil layers on the Loess Plateau of China. Journal of Hydrology, 381(1-2)(2010), 9-17.

[20] Wang YQ, Shao MA, Zhu YJ, Liu ZP. Impacts of land use and plant characteristics on dried soil layers in different climatic regions on the Loess Plateau of China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(4)(2011), 437-448.

[21] Jia XX, Shao MA*, Wei XR, Horton R, Li XZ. Estimating total net primary productivity of managed grasslands by a state-space modeling approach in a small catchment on the Loess Plateau, China. Geoderma, 160(3-4)(2011), 281-291.

[22] Liu ZP, Shao MA*, Wang YQ. Effect of environmental factors on regional soil organic carbon stocks across the Loess Plateau region, China. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 142(3-4)(2011), 184-194.

[23] Jia YH, Shao MA*, Jia XX. Spatial pattern of soil moisture and its temporal stability within profiles on a loessial slope in northwestern China. Journal of Hydrology, 495(2013), 150-161.

[24] Wang YQ, Shao MA*, Liu ZP, Zhang CC. Prediction of Bulk Density of Soils in the Loess Plateau Region of China. Surveys in Geophysics, 35(2)(2014), 395-413.

[25] Liu BX, Shao MA*. Estimation of soil water storage using temporal stability in four land uses over 10 years on the Loess Plateau, China. Journal of Hydrology, 517(2014), 974-984.

[26] Jia YH, Shao MA*. Dynamics of deep soil moisture in response to vegetational restoration on the Loess Plateau of China. Journal of Hydrology, 519(2014), 523-531.

[27] Jia XX, Shao MA*, Zhang CC, Zhao CL. Regional temporal persistence of dried soil layer along south-north transect of the Loess Plateau, China. Journal of Hydrology, 528(2015),152-160.

[28] Mi MX, Shao MA*, Liu BX. Effect of rock fragments content on water consumption, biomass and water-use efficiency of plants under different water conditions. Ecological Engineering, 94(2016),574-582.

[29] 邵明安, 贾小旭, 王云强, 朱元骏. 黄土高原土壤干层研究进展与展望 . 地球科学进展, 31(01) (2016),14-22.

[30] Jia XX, Shao MA*, Zhu YJ, Luo Y. Soil moisture decline due to afforestation across the Loess Plateau, China. Journal of Hydrology, 546(2017),113-122.